Definitions of Literacy Terms
alphabet knowledge: recognizing letters of the alphabet.
assessment: a way to evaluate reading development and proficiency.
buddy reading: pairing a child from an upper grade with a younger child.
choral chanting: the entire class, or a small group of children, reads a passage together.
comprehension: the ability to understand and gain meaning from what has been read.
concepts about print: knowledge about books: how to hold them, move from left to right, front to back.
decoding: the combination of phonemic awareness, letter recognition, and sound knowledge that enables us to break down new and unfamiliar words.
echo chanting: the teacher reads one line of text and the child then reads the same line.
emergent reading: the time between birth and when children begin to read and write in conventional ways.
encoding: the combination of phonemic awareness, letter, and sound knowledge that enables us to spell words by translating sounds into letters.
fluency: the ability to read text accurately and quickly.
language acquisition: the stages of listening and speaking development.
language proficiency: the level at which a person can speak and understand a language.
letter identification: recognizing the letters of the alphabet.
letter-sound relationship: recognizing the letters of the alphabet and their accompanying sounds.
mental imagery: the skill of visualizing what you see after you have been read to.
partner reading: involves peers reading together.
phonemic awareness: the ability to hear and identify sounds in spoken words
phonics: the relationship between the letters of written language and the sounds of spoken language.
vocabulary: the words students must know to communicate effectively.